John Constable

John Constable was an English Romantic painter who helped the rise in landscape oil painting. Constable actually sold more paintings in France than in his native England and took many years before he truly became famous. Constable was also well respected for his watercolours too, with Stonehenge being one of his best. Constable did complete portrait paintings too, but these were predominantly to pay his artist costs rather than ever being chosen for artistic happiness. His real love was certainly for landscape oil paintings, and this passion helped this as a topic to rise in popularity at a time when art was generally flooded with portraits.

Now, of course, people have learnt to appreciate landscape art as much as more traditional portraits, and Constable was crucial to this. Constable is known to have appreciated artists like Thomas Gainsborough, Claude Lorrain, Peter Paul Rubens, Annibale Carracci and Jacob van Ruisdael and these are also included in this website.

Constable is best known for his famous British landscape paintings. In order to make ends meet, Constable also completed portrait paintings, which he found boring, though he executed many fine portraits. He also painted occasional religious pictures, but according to John Walker, “Constable’s incapacity as a religious painter cannot be overstated.”

Constable was particularly inspired by the paintings of Thomas Gainsborough, Claude Lorrain, Peter Paul Rubens, Annibale Carracci and Jacob van Ruisdael. By 1803, he was exhibiting paintings at the Royal Academy. Constable’s watercolours were also remarkably free for their time: the almost mystical Stonehenge, 1835, with its double rainbow, is often considered to be one of the greatest watercolours ever painted.

Below is a full list of famous Constable oil paintings:

  • Dedham Vale
  • Landscape: Ploughing Scene in Suffolk
  • Boat-building near Flatford Mill
  • Golding Constable’s Flower Garden
  • Golding Constable’s Kitchen Garden
  • Portrait of Maria Bicknell, Mrs. John Constable
  • Wivenhoe Park, Essex
  • Flatford Mill (original title Scene on a Navigable River
  • Weymouth Bay
  • The White Horse
  • Hampstead Heath
  • Stratford Mill
  • The Hay Wain
  • View on the Stour near Dedham
  • Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop’s Grounds
  • Seascape Study with Rain Clouds
  • Brighton Beach
  • The Leaping Horse
  • The Cornfield
  • Dedham Vale
  • Hadleigh Castle
  • Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows
  • The Valley Farm
  • Arundel Mill and Castle


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