Goya

Goya has been spoken as the father of modern art, quite a name indeed. Goya is seen as not only a hugely famous Spanish painter and printmaker but also as the last of the Old Masters and as the first of the moderns. Goya had a long and illustrious career but some of his most famous paintings include The Parasol, La maja desnuda, La maja vestida, The Second of May 1808, The Third of May 1808 and The family of Charles IV of Spain. Goya is known to have influenced many artists including the likes of Edouard Manet, Pablo Picasso and Eduardo Urculo. Goya was also well known for Goya painting the Spanish royal family, which included Charles IV of Spain and Ferdinand VII.

Two of Goya’s best known paintings are The Nude Maja (La maja desnuda) and The Clothed Maja (La maja vestida). They depict the same woman in the same pose, naked and clothed, respectively. He painted La maja vestida after outrage in Spanish society over the previous Desnuda. In later life Goya bought a house, called Quinta del Sordo (“Deaf Man’s House”), and painted many unusual paintings on canvas and on the walls, including references to witchcraft and war. Several films portray Goya’s life. These include a short film, Goya, The Naked Maja, Goya, Historia de una Soledad, Goya in Bordeaux, Volavérunt, Goya: Awakened in a Dream, and Goya’s Ghosts.

Francisco Goya was commissioned by many friends from high levels of Spanish society. Among those from whom he procured portrait commissions were Pedro Téllez-Girón, 9th Duke of Osuna and his wife María Josefa Pimentel, 12th Countess-Duchess of Benavente, María del Pilar de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba, and her husband José María Álvarez de Toledo, 15th Duke of Medina Sidonia, and María Ana de Pontejos y Sandoval, Marchioness of Pontejos.

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