Edward Hopper

Edward Hopper is an American realist painter whose paintings, including most famously Nighthawks, reflected American life during the early 20th century. Early in Hopper’s career he followed a similar artistic style to French masters Édouard Manet and Edgar Degas. Hopper’s use of live models was a challenge and a shock for the conservatively raised Hopper. The most famous of Hopper’s paintings is Nighthawks which is one of his group paintings and shows customers sitting at the counter of an all-night diner. Again, the shapes and diagonals are carefully constructed. The viewpoint is cinematic – from the sidewalk, as if the viewer is approaching the restaurant.

Hopper’s influence on the art world and pop culture is undeniable. Though he had no formal students, many artists have cited him as an influence, including Willem de Kooning, Jim Dine, and Mark Rothko. An illustration of Hopper’s influence is Rothko’s early work Composition I (c. 1931), which is a direct paraphrase of Hopper’s Chop Suey. Hopper’s influence reached the Japanese animation world in the dark cyberpunk thriller Texhnolyze. His artwork was used as the basis for the surface world in Texhnolyze as well as for much of the 2008 animated film Bolt.

Hopper employed a form of realism adopted by another leading American realist Andrew Wyeth, but Hopper’s technique was completely different from Wyeth’s hyper-detailed style. In league with some of his contemporaries, Hopper shared his urban sensibility with John Sloan and George Bellows but avoided their overt action and violence. Where Joseph Stella and Georgia O’Keeffe glamorized the monumental structures of the city, Hopper reduced them to everyday geometrics and he depicted the pulse of the city as desolate and dangerous rather than “elegant or seductive”.

Below is a full list of famous Hopper paintings.

  • Painter and Model
  • Bridge in Paris
  • Le Pont des Arts
  • Après-midi de juin
  • Les lavoirs à Pont Royal
  • Louvre and Boat Landing
  • The El Station
  • Summer Interior
  • The Louvre in a Thunderstorm
  • Le Pont Royal
  • Le Quai des Grands Augustins
  • Le pavillon de Flore
  • The Wine Shop
  • American Village
  • Squam Light
  • Queensborough Bridge
  • Soir bleu
  • Road in Maine
  • Blackhead, Monhegan
  • Stairways
  • Night Shadows
  • The New York Restaurant
  • Michigan restaurant
  • Railroad Crossing
  • The Mansard Roof
  • The Locomotive
  • House by the Railroad
  • Self-Portrait
  • Sunday
  • Drug Store
  • Lighthouse Hill
  • Coast Guard Station
  • Automat
  • The City
  • Night Windows
  • Manhattan Bridge Loop
  • Railroad Sunset
  • The Lighthouse at Two Lights
  • Chop Suey
  • Early Sunday Morning
  • Tables for Ladies
  • Corn Hill (Truro, Cape Cod)
  • House in Provincetown
  • Cobb’s Barns, South Truro and Hartford
  • Dauphinée House
  • Room in New York
  • House at Dusk
  • The Long Leg
  • Macomb’s Dam Bridge
  • The Circle Theater
  • Cape Cod Afternoon
  • Compartiment C, Car
  • Cape Cod Evening
  • Ground Swell
  • Gas
  • Office at Night
  • Nighthawks
  • Dawn in Pennsylvania
  • Hotel Lobby
  • Summertime
  • Solitude
  • Morning in a City
  • Rooms for Tourists
  • August in the City
  • West Palm Beach
  • Summer Evening
  • Pennsylvania Coal Town
  • Seven AM
  • High Noon
  • Conference at Night
  • Cape Cod Morning
  • Rooms by the Sea
  • Morning Sun
  • Hotel by a Railroad
  • Sea Watchers
  • Office in a Small City
  • South Carolina Morning
  • Hotel Window
  • Four Lane Road
  • Western Motel
  • Sunlight in a Cafeteria
  • Excursion into Philosophy
  • Second Story Sunlight
  • People in the Sun
  • A Woman in the Sun
  • New York Office
  • Sun in an Empty Room
  • Chair Car
  • Two Comedians

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