Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse is a famous French artist who was involved in several different art movements. A wealth of information is available at the bottom of the page. The majority of Matisse paintings were completed in the 20th century and he was highly respected by fellow contemporary artist Pablo Picasso. The quality of his oil paintings has led to Henri Matisse being regarded by many as one of the best French artists from the 20th century and even of all time.

Henri Matisse was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid, brilliant and original draughtsmanship. Matisse is regarded, with Picasso, as the greatest artist of the 20th century. Matisse is respected as a leading figure in modern art. He was involved in the fields of painting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing & collage. Matisse’s extensive training involved Académie Julian, William-Adolphe Bouguereau & Gustave Moreau. Matisse is believed to have been influenced by many artists, most notably John Peter Russell, Cézanne, Gauguin, Van Gogh & Signac. Later artists who gained inspiration from his paintings include the likes of Hans Hofmann, David Hockney and Tom Wesselmann.

Matisse was also influenced by the works of Nicolas Poussin, Antoine Watteau, Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, Edouard Manet, and the post-Impressionists Cézanne, Gauguin, Van Gogh, and Signac, and also by Auguste Rodin, and some Japanese art.

Matisse was seen as a key member of the Fauvism set of artists, alongside André Derain; the two were friendly rivals, each with his own followers. Other members were Georges Braque, Raoul Dufy and Maurice de Vlaminck. The Symbolist painter Gustave Moreau was the movement’s inspirational teacher, and he did much for the era; a professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, he pushed his students to think outside of the lines of formality and to follow their visions.

A full list of famous Matisse paintings can be found below:

  • Woman Reading
  • Le Mur Rose
  • Notre-Dame, une fin d’après-midi
  • The green line
  • The Open Window
  • Woman with a Hat
  • Les toits de Collioure
  • Landscape at Collioure
  • Le bonheur de vivre
  • The Young Sailor II
  • Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt
  • Madras Rouge
  • Blue Nude (Souvenir de Biskra)
  • The Dessert: Harmony in Red (The Red Room)
  • Bathers with a Turtle
  • La Danse
  • Still Life with Geraniums
  • L’Atelier Rouge
  • The Conversation
  • Zorah on the Terrace
  • Le Rifain assis
  • Window at Tangier
  • Le rideau jaune
  • The Window
  • La leçon de musique
  • The Painter and His Model
  • Interior A Nice
  • Odalisque with Raised Arms
  • Yellow Odalisque
  • The Dance II
  • Robe violette et Anémones
  • Woman in a Purple Coat
  • Le Rêve de 1940
  • La Blouse Roumaine
  • Le Lanceur De Couteaux
  • Annelies, White Tulips and Anemones
  • L’Asie
  • Deux fillettes, fond jaune et rouge
  • Jazz
  • The Plum Blossoms
  • Chapelle du Saint-Marie du Rosaire
  • Beasts of the Sea
  • The Sorrows of the King
  • Black Leaf on Green Background
  • La Négresse
  • Blue Nude II
  • The Snail
  • Le Bateau

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