Peter Paul Rubens was a 17th century Flemish Baroque painter, born in Germany. Rubens’ Baroque style used movement, color, and sensuality. Rubens is famous for oil paintings of altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological subjects.

Rubens was an artist, scholar, art collector, and diplomat and gained popularity across the world, including Spain and England. Rubens is believed to have been influenced by Michelangelo, Titian, Caravaggio & Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The likes of Antoine Watteau & Eugène Delacroix were later infuenced by Rubens’ own oil paintings.

Peter Paul Rubens is a famous artist from the Renaissance Baroque era of art, and has retained his popularity even today. He was a notable member of the Flemish Baroque movement which developed after the renaissance movement took hold of Italy and then large parts of Western Europe.

In 1600, Rubens travelled to Italy. He stopped first in Venice, where he saw paintings by Titian, Veronese, and Tintoretto, before settling in Mantua at the court of Duke Vincenzo I of Gonzaga. The coloring and compositions of Veronese and Tintoretto had an immediate effect on Rubens’s painting, and his later, mature style was profoundly influenced by Titian.

Upon hearing of his mother’s illness in 1608, Rubens planned his departure from Italy for Antwerp.

In 1621, the Queen Mother of France, Marie de’ Medici, commissioned Rubens to paint two large allegorical cycles celebrating her life and the life of her late husband, Henry IV, for the Luxembourg Palace in Paris. The Marie de’ Medici cycle (now in the Louvre) was installed in 1625, and although he began work on the second series it was never completed.

Rubens’s last decade was spent in and around Antwerp. Major works for foreign patrons still occupied him, such as the ceiling paintings for the Banqueting House at Inigo Jones’s Palace of Whitehall, but he also explored more personal artistic directions.

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